Treatment of Clients with a Dual Diagnosis
Individuals with a dual diagnosis (also known as a co-occurring disorder) represent a growing population among the drug and alcohol addiction community. Individuals with co-occurring disorders are high risk patients who may respond differently to drug and alcohol addiction recovery programmes. They are at a much higher risk for destructive behaviours such as suicide. That is why it is imperative that patients with a co-occurring disorder get the professional drug and alcohol recovery treatment they so desperately need.
What is Dual Diagnosis?
Dual diagnosis or a co-occurring disorder refers to individuals suffering from one or more medical disorders. Dual diagnosis is common in the drug addiction community as many individuals suffer from more than one drug addiction. Dual diagnosis can also refer to an individual with an addiction to drugs and alcohol or to those individuals with a drug addiction combined with a psychological disorder such as anxiety, depression, schizophrenia or an eating disorder. Individuals with a drug addiction and a major physical health problem such as AIDS or cancer are also considered to have a dual diagnosis.
Recovery for individuals with a co-occurring disorder is challenging which is why it is so important for the individual to seek the help of a professional treatment centre. At The Cabin Chiang Mai, Asia's most respected alcohol and drug treatment centre, we understand that patients with co-occurring disorders need special treatment due to the psychological problems related to their drug and alcohol abuse. Treatment for individuals with co-occurring disorders is a more intricate and complicated recovery process and requires counsellors with experience in dealing with these cases. At The Cabin Chiang Mai, not only does our team of addiction recovery counsellors have a wealth of experience in the treatment of co-occurring disorder cases, we also have strong and consistent collaboration with referring physicians for treatment of our clients with a dual diagnosis.
How Serious is the Problem of Dual Diagnosis?
Now more than ever before, individuals from all walks of life are being diagnosed with co-occurring disorders. As more dual diagnosis individuals appear, rehab facilities are positioning themselves to treat these complex cases. A few facts about dual diagnosis:
Over half of all individuals with suffering from drug addiction are also believed to have a co-occurring mental illness. Over one third of all individuals with a mental illness suffer from some form of substance addiction.
Common Addictions Associated with Dual Diagnosis
Dual Diagnosis occurs in individuals suffering from a wide range of substance addictions. The following addictions may be likely to have a co-occurring disorder:
- Cocaine Addiction
- Club Drug Addiction
- Crystal Meth Addiction
- Heroin Addiction
- Methadone Addiction
- Prescription Medication Addiction
- Eating Disorders
Common Mood & Personality Disorders Associated with Dual Diagnosis
Individuals with a dual diagnosis can have any number of mood or personality disorders. The most common mood and personality disorders associated with dual diagnosis include:
- Bi-polar Disorder
- Borderline Personality Disorder
- Eating Disorders
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Panic Anxiety Disorder
In some more severe co-occurring disorder cases, the individuals may have more than one mood or personality disorder creating an even greater challenge to their recovery.
Treatment for Mood Disorders and Chemical Dependency
Many individuals entering an addiction treatment recovery centre are dealing with both a substance addiction as well as a mood disorder. Rehab treatment centres receive patients with mood disorders ranging from depression to eating disorders. Other mood disorders include bipolar disorders, substance induced mood disorders and anxiety disorders. Mood disorders are classified as a type of mental health illness that creates disturbances in thoughts, feelings, and behaviour. Often times, individuals suffering from mood disorders will use alcohol and drugs to self-medicate. The danger in self-medication is that it increases their symptoms fueling depression, anxiety and other consequences of substance abuse.
Dealing with Depression & Addiction
Individuals that are addicted to drugs or alcohol and also suffer from mild to extreme depression, bipolar disorder, or manic depression must recognise that they need to seek treatment for their substance addiction in order to recover from their depression. Alcohol and drug abuse alters the mood of the user, causing depression and other mood shifts. Those already suffering from even a mild form of depression are even more likely to be driven into deeper states of depression. Often times the individuals' depression is so strong that they have thoughts of committing suicide and may act on these thoughts. Seeking the professional help of a drug and alcohol recovery centre is critical to beating both the addiction and the cycle of depression.
Dealing with Anxiety & Addiction
Anxiety is another form of mood disorders that may be caused by mental health issues or outside stressors that trigger anxiety. Relationship stress, family stress, work stress, financial stress, school stress, grief related stress and stress related to drug abuse can all trigger anxiety. These individuals may suffer from acute anxiety attacks that can feel like near death experiences. Often times, individuals with anxiety will turn to drugs or alcohol as a way to self-medicate. Sometimes they will even seek prescribed medication to treat their anxiety which can then turn into prescription drug addictions. Others choose alcohol or other pills as a way of dealing with anxiety at the onset of symptoms. Seeking the professional help of a drug and alcohol recovery centre is critical to beating both the addiction and the cycle of anxiety.
Challenges to Treatment of Dual Diagnosis Cases
Treatment for individuals with a dual diagnosis is different that treatment for individuals who are only suffering from alcoholism, drug addiction or a mental health disorder. Dual diagnosis patients are high risk individuals with much higher suicide rates. Treating these cases is challenging as many of the symptoms of mental illness and addiction can mimic each other. Drug and alcohol addiction also has the potential to hide a mental health problem as well as make the mental health problem much worse.
Key in the treatment of these intricate and delicate situations is to work with a professional rehab centre that has strong experience in treating patients with dual diagnosis. At The Cabin Chiang Mai, Asia's most respected drug and alcohol treatment centre, we recognise the importance of understanding co-occurring disorders. Patients can recover at our addiction treatment centre while we collaborate with their referring physician on their dual diagnosis. Rest assured, our clients have our support throughout the entire addiction treatment and recovery process.
The Importance of Seeking Rehabilitative Treatment
Individuals suffering from multiple addictions or addictions combined with psychological or physical problems, represent a large portion of the population who need special rehabilitative treatment. This is why it is so important that individuals diagnosed with co-occurring disorders receive the treatment they so desperately need.
Make sure your treatment recovery centre establishes a relationship with the referring physician to collaborate on the dual diagnosis. Select an addiction recovery centre staffed by professionals with experience in treating individuals with a dual diagnosis condition.
Understand that individuals with dual diagnosis need comprehensive care and the rehab treatment centre should work in concert with other medical professionals to address the different aspects of the condition. Misdiagnosing is common among individuals with dual diagnosis. Working with a recovery centre with a strong understanding of the different conditions is key to the treatment of individuals with a co-occurring disorder.
At The Cabin Chiang Mai, we believe that the solution to the dual diagnosis crisis is to create greater awareness among the medical community so that individuals with a co-occurring disorder can get the specialised treatment they need. At our recovery centre, we collaborate with the diagnosing, referring physician to design an effective drug and alcohol treatment and recovery programme aimed at restoring the individual to a natural and healthy state.